Introduction of Door
Doors provide access to the inside and outside of the building. Doors can be made from different types of material. Can be made from materials like steel, aluminum, wood.
Doors can be aesthetically pleasing, symbolic, religious in different places.
The opening in the wall is a door made to allow access. The primary purpose of the door is to provide security by controlling the entry through the door. The door can be moved in different ways.
Doors are made using materials selected from a variety of materials to suit the function. In ordinary houses, the doors are connected by hinges. But it also has various options. The door can be moved by other means such as slides or counterbalancing.
Functions of Doors
The various functions in the door are described as follows
- The main function of the door is to provide access to the inside and outside of the room in the building.
- Doors are also provided to let in outdoor weather and lighting into the room.
- Doors are provided primarily to maintain the privacy of the room.
- The doors of the buildings act as a connecting link between the various interior rooms of the building.
Type of Door
Types of Doors Based on the Material
- Wooden Doors
- Steel Doors
- PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) Doors
- Glass Doors
- Fibre Glass Doors
- Aluminum Doors
- Fibre Reinforced Doors
Types of Doors Based on the Operation
- Pivot Doors
- Revolving Door
- Swinging Doors
- Sliding Doors
- Rolling Shutter Doors
- Folding Doors
- Collapsible Doors
Types of Doors Based on the Location
- External Doors
- Internal Doors
Types of Doors Based on composition
- Flush Doors
- Louvered Doors
- Panel Doors
Types of Doors Based on Fixing the Components of the Doors
- Battened & Ledged Doors
- Battened, Ledged & Braced Doors
- Battened, Ledged, and Framed Doors
- Battened, Ledged, Framed, and Braced Doors
1. Wooden Doors
Used in wooden doors since ancient times. This type of door is also commonly referred to as a wooden door. Which is widely used as the main entrance in the building. Since wood is a natural material it is used in the manufacture of wooden doors.
Wooden doors being a natural material helps to give a natural effect. Which has good insulation properties like soundproofing.
Wooden doors are economically less expensive than other types of doors. In addition, wooden doors are easier to install than other types of doors. Wooden doors also have disadvantage properties like fire-resistant.
2. Steel Doors
Steel doors are commonly used in elevators in commercial buildings. Steel doors have a strong external structure. These types of doors are more durable and stronger than other types of doors.
Steel doors are waterproof and have good resistance to fire. This type of door is used as an exterior door in industrial. Different types of steel frame doors, including cold-rolled steel, galvanized steel, and stainless steel.
Steel doors for exterior doors are being used nowadays to cope with traffic and external elements. Steel doors are also used for stores, schools, and commercial buildings.
3. PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) Door
PVC doors are widely used because of their durability and aesthetic appearance. The building uses PVC doors in interior doors such as toilets and bathrooms. This type of door is more economical than other types of doors. In addition, it can maintain room temperature. For this reason, it is a good choice to use PVC doors for temperate climates.
PVC doors have more functionality. And it doesn’t have to be maintained.
PVC doors are widely used in commercial, residential, and institutional spaces. PVC doors are lighter than other doors. As PVC door is lightweight it can be used in the interior of the building. While its use as the main entrance should be avoided.
PVC doors are scratch-proof and require low maintenance. PVC doors are available in the market in a variety of designs and colors. The use of this enhances the beauty of the door.
4. Glass Doors
Glass doors enhance the beauty of the entrance of a building.
Glass doors are often used as the main entrance in five-star hotels and corporate buildings. Natural sunlight can be found in a building through a glass door. Glass doors have the property of being acoustic insulation.
The measurement for the glass door has to be done accurately. The glass door should be installed carefully as it has the property of breaking easily.
5. Fibre Glass Doors
Fiberglass is a type of plastic material that is a composite of a resin matrix. This material can be molded into inexpensive, strong, and complex shapes. Fiberglass is commonly used in insulation, boats, pipes, auto body parts, and doors.
Fiberglass doors are an easier option than wooden doors. Modern fiberglass doors do not have the risks of straining, rot, shrinkage, or swelling. Fiberglass doors give the look and feel of real wooden doors.
Fiberglass doors are gaining popularity due to their uniqueness compared to other doors. Because it is stronger and lighter in weight than wooden doors. In addition, it looks like a wooden door.
6. Aluminium Doors
Aluminum doors are used in commercial buildings. This type of door is used because of its strength and durability. Aluminum doors do not feel corrosion. So it can be used in any weather conditions. It is mainly used as kitchen doors in hotels and restaurants.
7. Fibre Reinforced Doors
FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) doors are a versatile, man-made composite product. The use of this type of door is rapidly gaining worldwide popularity in place of materials such as wood and metal.
FRP doors are used in everything from aerospace and defense to housing, marine construction, transportation, chemical, and other engineering.
8. Pivot Doors
The pivot door is a swinging door as the spindle rotates on the vertical axis. These types of doors are mainly used at the entry-level. The pivot door helps to enhance the beauty of the building.
The pivot door is fixed to the top axis, floor plate, and roof plate.
9. Revolving Door
Three or four doors are fixed in the revolving door. It is fixed on a central shaft.
The revolving door is provided mainly at the main entrance of the building. A revolving door is very useful where there is regular traffic.
the revolving door is widely used in hospitals, theaters, banks, and offices, etc.,
10. Swinging Doors
In-swinging door one side of the door is fixed by a hinge. Which rotates the door around its axis. This type of swinging door is also called a hinged door.
There are two types of swinging doors. Single door swings in one direction only and double-acting doors are fixed in such a way that two doors can swing in both directions.
11. Sliding Doors
A sliding door usually opens horizontally parallel to the wall by sliding.
Sliding doors are mounted on top of the track and designed for sliding. In this, the track for the door is mounted on the track above or below the door.
The sliding door is very useful for more crowded spaces. A sliding door can save space for doors and increase access efficiency.
12. Rolling Shutter Doors
Rolling shutter doors are a type of door in general. Used for main entrances to garage shops, showrooms, and godowns, etc. It is also widely used in commercial buildings.
Rolling shutter doors are mainly used to provide protection and safety against fire and buglers. Rolling shutter doors are made of components like frames, drums, and thin steel plates, etc.
13. Folding Doors
The design of a folding door is made using a number of panels. These types of doors are folded to open and unfolding to close. Folding doors can be called on bi-fold doors.
14. Collapsible Doors
Collapsible door is mainly used in residential buildings or public buildings, especially where the opening width of the main entrance is greater.
Collapsible doors are usually made of fabricated mild steel. It is designed as a collapsible door in such a way that when the door is opened all the straps close at once and when the door closes all the straps are stretched.
15. External Doors
The exterior door is used as the front door of the building. These types of doors are waterproof and corrosion-resistant. The life of an exterior door can be extended by painting and polishing it properly.
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16. Internal Doors
Interior doors are used to connect the interior rooms of buildings and for privacy. This type of door can be made from different types of material. This type of door is only used for the purpose of separating the room.
17. Flush Doors
This type of door is made of a wooden frame. In which the surface on both its sides is covered with plywood. In this type of door, the empty space inside is filled with soft wooden rectangular blocks. Then a fine finish is given by fixing the veneer on the surface above it.
The thickness of flush doors varies from 25 mm to 40 mm depending on the shape of the flush door.
18. Louvered Doors
This type of door is used in places where privacy is required and ventilation is needed to meet both needs. This type of door allows ventilation of air into the room even when closed. These doors are commonly used for toilets and bathrooms.
19. Panel Doors
Panel doors are widely used in the exterior of buildings as they are very strong and durable. Panel doors are commonly found in the market in different types such as single panel doors, double panel doors, and three-panel doors, etc.
These types of doors are weatherproof. And its maintenance is very low. In addition, this type of door can be easily installed.
20. Battened & Ledged Doors
This type of door is designed with battens and ledgers. The battens are connected to the ledger by giving a groove.
The size of the batten used for this type of door is 100-150 mm wide and 20-30 mm thick.
The size of ledges used for this type of door is kept 100-200mm wide and 25-30mm thick.
21. Battened, Ledged & Braced Doors
In this type of door, the additional pattern is fixed by the bracing method to strengthen the door.
The bracing is kept 100-150 mm wide and 25-30 mm thick. This type of door is used for wide opening.
22. Battened, Ledged, and Framed Doors
The design of this type of door is simple battened and ledged door and frame work is provided in the form of verticals. This vertical frame work is also known as stiles. Stiles is kept 100mm wide. The thickness of the styles is kept equal to the ledge and batten used in them.
23. Battened, Ledged, Braced, and Framed Doors
This type of door is made of battens, ledges, stiles, and braces, etc. As a result, a strong door can be created.
In this type of door, the braces are fixed diagonally to increase the tightness between the two ledges. In addition, the thickness of the stiles in this type of door is kept at 40mm.