Introduction of Hip and Valley Roof
People choose different options to see the roof of their house and hip and valley roof is one of them. It gives the house a beautiful look and is mainly preferred by people living in cold climatic conditions where there is snowfall and strong winds.
In this article, you will get to know all about the Hip and valley roof, How are Hip and valley rafters are attached, and the various advantages and disadvantages of the Hip and valley roofs.
What Is Hip and Valley Roof?
Hip and Valley roofs are a type of roof that is in the shape of a pyramid, and the primary function of this roof is wind resistance. These roofs are mainly chosen by the people living in the area which has heavy rainfall occurs or the areas where snowfall occurs.
Hip and valley roof functions are to clear rainwater or snow quickly from the top of the house because on a flat surface, it is hard to clean snow, and due to heavy rainfall, the chances of leakage in the roof will be high.
In hip valley roof designing, more pyramids are combined together, and it’s a different look to the house given by the architect. The stability of these types of roofs is also good and long. The roof is slant, so it is very easy for snow or rainwater will fall off easily.
Building a Hip and Valley Roof
In hip and valley roofs, there are four sides that meet at the top and have a downward slope. Any roof structure with a downward slope and meeting at a point in the upward direction is known as Hip and valley roof.
Some steps have to be followed in building a hip and valley roof.
- Measurement and cutting of rafters
- Assembling of the king and hip rafters
- Finishing of the hip and valley roof
Let’s discuss in detail about these steps of building hip and valley roofs.
1. Measurement and Cutting of Rafters:
- First of all, measurement of the building has to be done. The width and height of the walls should be measured so that the upper roof area will be made according to that. Tools are used in calculating the walls like measuring tape, and if it’s a small area, then you will also make it by analyzing the average area required to be covered.
- The length of the common rafter should be measured, and roof pitch has to be measured to make the short ends of the roof.
- Then the location of cuts will be marked on the rafter, which has to be cut.
- After locating cut marks, the birdsmouth location also marked birdsmouth is a gap craved in the rafter so that it can be fixed on the top of the wall of the building.
- Now using a round saw, considerable length has to be cut, and also birdsmouth is also cut down.
2. Assembling of the King and Hip Rafters:
- Six to seven rafters are attached in equal gaps to the centre, which helps to uplift the beam.
- These rafters are nailed to the ridge beam, making it more solid and safe.
- Six king common rafters are attached to the ridge board’s end.
- The hip rafters are fixed to the ridge beam by using nails, and also corners are fixed by nails to the walls.
- The rest common rafters are adequately nailed to the ridge beam.
3. Finishing of the Hip and Valley Roof
- The jack rafters are nailed to the hip rafters to secure them to the walls of the building.
- Plywood sheets are to be determined because they will be used in the making of the roof, so it is necessary to arrange the required number of sheets of plywood.
- Then plywood sheets are nailed to the rafters.
- Asphalt shingles are attached to the roof, and another material has to be attached to the roof.
This is the whole process of building hip and valley roofs in detail.
How Are Hip and Valley Rafters Attached?
- The first step in the attachment of hip and valley rafters is hip roof is erected to get the ridge beam and four to six common rafters are positioned at an equal distance to give the centre position and then by using nail gun nail the rafters firmly to the two longest walls of the building and then the ridge beam is lifted to the required height.
- The next step is attaching six to eight common rafters to the roof and nailing them to the walls so that they will work as strong support to the roof. Using the nail gun you have to nail these rafters to the beam from the top of common rafters.
- There are more rafters that have to be attached from the sides of the walls these common rafters give tight hold to the roof. The ridge board is attached to the rafters by using nails and the structure will be ready.
- It is necessary to give a hold to the corners too so that rafters are nailed from the ends of the corner to give extra support to the roof.
- The rest work which is left or the thing which is left to attach is done by using nails, this is the last step of the process in which the structure is nailed properly so that no area will be left weak.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Hip and Valley Roof
Here we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the hip and valley roof in detail and try to understand the pros and cons of this type of roof.
Advantages of Hip and Valley Roof
There are various advantages of Hip and valley roof that are as follows
- In the hip and valley roofs, the gutter system plays an important role and works perfectly in this type of roof. It is very easy to maintain a gutter system in the hip and valley roof because it is easy to clean and maintain and at the time of replacement it will be easily replaced without any issue.
- It gives a traditional look to the house and looks It is preferred by people to give an atheistic look to the house. It looks beautiful that is why people demand it.
- It gives a strong top to handle high wind.
- The hip and valley roof has a slant so that rainwater and snow will fall down easily from the top of the roof.
- In the hip and valley roof system there is a spacious area left in the home and the house looks bigger from inside.
- It is easy to maintain.
- Good choice for people who are living in cold climatic conditions.
Disadvantages of Hip and Valley Roof
There are also some disadvantages of hip and valley roof that are as follows
- In the hip and valley roof systems the chances of leakage will be high.
- It needs regular maintenance.
- The hip and valley roofs are expensive to construct and highly skilled labor is required to make it.
- It will take a long time to build hip and valley roofs.
- It will work in cold climatic conditions or the place where snowfall occurs.
So this is the detailed study about hip and valley roof in which every part is elaborated to give you whole information about hip and valley roof in easy language that will help you to understand it in a better way and you can choose the best for you.
Hip and valley roofs have high densities which will ultimately help to prevent the windstorms from lifting it off the property. Due to the increased density, the cost is also getting increased.
Any contractor will advise homeowners to construct additional roofing joists which help your property to handle the weight of the durable roof.
Additionally, your property aesthetics improve with hip and valley roof designs. While it showcases the natural beauty of your roofing materials, the design requires more roofing materials to complete its construction.