15 Roof Flashing Types | Roof Flashing Materials | Aluminum Flashing

Roof Flashing

What Is Roof Flashing?

Roof flashing is a thin material, usually made of galvanized steel sheet. It is installed around sensitive parts of the roof such as roof vents, chimneys, and skylights.

It is installed on the roof where the roof plane meets a vertical surface such as a wall or dormer. Rainwater from the flashing installation should flow down the shingles instead of into the roof deck.

Roof flashing and Flashing siding is an important roofing material for every roof. However, few homeowners know what it is or what it does.  For that, you can choose the right option from materials like aluminum, steel, and copper. It usually gives the roof a polished look

Today steel flashing is commonly used to polish the roof. It provides a clean aesthetic that most people can afford. If you want to update your look, copper looks beautiful and lasts longer, but it costs more than another roof flashing.

Roof Flashings Function

  1. Roof flashing is designed to prevent roof leaks. Because roof leaks on your roof occur around an estimated 90 percent of defective flashing.
  2. Flashing seals sensitive areas of the roof to prevent rainwater from entering your home directly.
  3. Flashing is installed in areas such as roof chimneys and skylights. Which makes the facilities around the roof suitable for practical use.
  4. Roof flashing is also installed around the perimeter of your roof to bring water from your roof into the sewer system.
  5. While there are many different forms of roof glazing, most compositions are made of metal. Flashing seals parts and seams of your roof, where the roof is prone to leaks. Prevents rain from reaching your roof surface, roof decoration, or your residence.

Also Read: Lean To Roof Ideas | Sawtooth Roof | Hip and Valley Roof | Catslide Roof 

Roof Flashing Types

Various Types of roof Flashing Details are:

1. Continuous Flashing:

Continuous roof Flashing is also known as apron flashing. Continuous sidewall flashing
works just like an apron. It is a long piece of metal. Which helps carry water to the shingle.

When the house expands or contracts during the changing seasons, continuous flashing can be a loss. Which will result in the water failing to drain.

2. Base Flashing:

Base flashing is used in some special parts of the roof. Where flashing is very difficult to install. Such as in the area around the chimney.

It is commonly used for sections, joints, and cracks in traditional and modern buildings. This is especially done on the exterior roofs, base flashing for siding, and walls of buildings.

3. Counter Flashing:

Counter flashing is installed around counter flashing roof to wall, chimneys, vents, and other roof penetrations. Counter flashing roof gives the right direction to the water by creating a waterproof seal between the roofing material and the penetration. It is installed on top of the base flashing.

Counter flashing chimney helps keep water out on other protrusions such as sloping roofs and dormer windows and protects the lower roof from any water damage.

4. Reglet Flashing:

Reglet flashing is used between the wall (or the back of a parapet wall) and the ceiling. This Roof flashing is used with counter flashing to avoid leaks from the most crucial areas of the roof.

It is installed at a 90-degree edge. It is installed in its gap, by cutting in the mortar between bricks or concrete on the wall or chimney.

5. Step Flashing:

Step flashing is multiple pieces of flashing installed with shingles. It is a rectangular part of a 90-degree flashing. This roof flashing is used for roof-to-wall flashing to ensure that water flows away from the wall.

It uses small pieces of flashing along with the roof pitch. Step flashing roof installation upwards with shingles. It usually uses materials like aluminum and copper.

Also Read : Clerestory Roof | Composition Roofing | TPO Roofing | Butterfly Roof

6. Skylight Flashing:

Skylight Flashing

Skylight flashing is installed as a layer of protection around the skylight. Which provides protection against dangerous weather conditions like outdoor rain or snow.

It uses materials like aluminum. Which protects your roof and skylights from water leakage.

7. Valley Flashing:

Valley Flashing

Valleys are important areas of the roof. Therefore, metal valley flashing is very important to protect the open valley.

Some homeowners use copper or painted flashing to enhance the appearance of open valleys.

8. Lead Flashing:

Lead Flashing

Lead flashing is a type of flashing. Which prevents water from entering the building structure through joints.

It is commonly used for sections, joints, and cracks in traditional and modern buildings. It is especially used on the exterior roofs and walls of buildings.

Also Read : What Is Roof Valley | What Is Metal Roof Insulation | Foam Gutter Guards | Modified Bitumen Roof 

9. Vent Pipe Flashing:

Vent Pipe Flashing

Vent Pipe Flashing is installed tightly around the pipes coming from the top of the roof. These vent pipes are the weak point of the roof. Without flashing the roof over the flanges of round pipes, the roof can start to leak.

10. Drip Edge Roof Flashing

Drip Edge Roof Flashing

Drip edge flashing is required around the edges of your roof (eaves) to prevent water from an overflowing gutter from forcing its way up the edge of the roof underneath the shingles.

This roof flashing is often made of aluminum, copper, or steel. If installed properly, the drip edge will be completed around the house on the edges of the roof. The three main types of drip edges are L, C, and T, all distinguished by their respective forms.

Also Read: Chimney Flashing | Roof Flashing | Counter Flashing | Gutter Guard | Gutter Helmet Vs Leaf Guard

11. Cap Flashing

Cap flashing is a term used when a roofer connects thin pieces of metal to points where the roof meets a vertical surface, such as a wall, chimney, roof valley, or skylight. This is done to keep water away from these critical areas.

Cap roof flashing is made from lead, aluminum, copper and stainless steel, etc. Copper metal is a suitable alternative for its strength and high resistance to adverse effects of climate.

12. Chimney Flashing

Chimney Flashing

Chimney flashing is a sheet metal component that is fitted around the top of your chimney. So that water and moisture can be prevented from intruding into your attic, roof, and rooms of your house and causing problems. Chimney flashing is usually made up of three main components: step flashing, base flashing, and cap flashing,

Chimney roof flashing keeps water out of the area where the chimney and the roof meet. In most situations, chimneys are not attached to the house’s frame. Since every chimney is different, installing chimney flashing is usually a one-of-a-kind project. As a result, as the house settles or shifts, the chimney provides an ideal location for leaks.

13. Kickout Flashing

Kickout Flashing

Kickout Flashing is also known as Diverter Flashing. The term “kick out” refers to how flashing water moves away from a building. Flashing is used to remove rainwater from the cladding and divert it into the gutter.

Kickout roof Flashing is made in beautiful Central Pennsylvania in the United States. Kick-out flashing should be installed at the end of the roof-wall junction so that water flows away from the wall and into the gutter. Kick-out flashing can withstand a large influx of rainwater.

14. Saddle Flashing

Saddle Flashing

A chimney cricket, also known as a chimney saddle. It is a customized flashing solution meant to keep water, snow, and debris from gathering around the base of the chimney. It is defined by the National Association of Certified Home Inspectors (NACHI) as a little peaked roof built on one side of a chimney.

The Pro-Joist is made of one piece of UV-stabilized polypropylene. The Pro-Joist is made of one piece of UV-stabilized polypropylene. The saddle flashing serves as a supplementary line of defense, controlling moisture and redirecting it to the exterior without hitting the interior frame timbers.

The Pro-Joist is designed for flash-finished timber up to 250mm deep and 47mm or 94mm thick. When installing joists less than 250mm deep, the flashing features indicator markings to show where the excess should be cut away.

15. Headwall or Apron Flashing

Headwall flashing is also known as apron flashing. it is used where vertical walls meet the roof. A headwall is the intersection of a sloping roof and a wall. A piece of flashing is installed underneath the wall’s outside cladding and then stretched out over the shingles.

The purpose of an Apron roof Flashing is to redirect water from a vertical surface into a gutter system. The regular Apron roof Flashing has a half-inch kick that is curved slightly downward to ensure a snug, tight fit.

Also Read : Conservatory Roof | Gable Roof | Bonnet Roof | Saltbox Roof | Gambrel Roof | Types of Curved Roof

Roof Flashing Materials

Many materials are used for residential roofing. Rainwater can cause damage to different parts of the roof. Roof flashing is a good option to prevent water penetration.

Flashing seals the intersection of surfaces of the roofing system. Flashing materials should be durable, low maintenance, and weather resistant. It should be able to accommodate the movements and be consistent with the material of the roof.

Different types of a roof flashing  Materials are:

1. Copper Roof Flashing

Copper is the most durable flashing material. It is attractive and does not rust even after years. It does not require painting or regular maintenance. Copper flashing materials can be more expensive than other flashing materials. It can be easily installed. Copper flashing material lasts about 20 years.

2. PVC Flashing

PVC roof flashing is made of non-reinforced polyvinyl chloride, a waterproof, impermeable continuous sheet. Which is made of elastomeric materials. It is commonly used as a waterproofing membrane hidden on foundation walls and under concrete slabs. Sometimes also used as through-wall flashing.

3. TPO Flashing

TPO Flashing is a non-reinforced thermoplastic polyolefin-based membrane. TPO roof flashing is used for sealant pockets, field fabricated pipe flashing, and scoopers.

4. Aluminum Flashing

Aluminum flashing is a durable and inexpensive flashing material. It is an excellent material for difficult roof sections such as chimney flashings, base flashings, and valley flashings.
Aluminum roofing flashing can be easily trimmed.

So it can be given any profile, shape, and size according to the project. It is a perfect choice for many roof flashing applications, including valley flashing, base flashing, step flashing, and counter flashing. Special applications such as aluminum rolls, sheets, and drip edges are also available.

5. Stainless Steel Flashing

Galvanized steel is another popular and very durable flashing material. Which is particularly conducive to corrosion, in the environment. It is coated with a layer of zinc which makes it usable in any environment.

Steel flashing is heavier than aluminum flashing, which makes it resistant to heavy impact damage. This type of flashing can last up to 40 years.

Also Read : What Is Roof Eaves? | Different Types of Eaves Styles | Roof Eaves Repair Cost

Roof Flashing Pros and Cons

Some Roof flashing advantages and disadvantages are:

Roof Flashing Pros

Some Roof flashing advantages are:

  1. Roof flashing is cost-effective on repairs for small areas.
  2. The advantage of roof flashing is its high degree of durability. Your installed flashing will not cause any cracks or leaks in your roof in many elements and situations.
  3. Roof flashing can be molded into various shapes as required. Which allows it to be used on any roof.
  4. The roofing flashing material is fire resistant. Which protects you during lightning storms.
  5. Roof flashing is resistant to atmospheric corrosion, so it will last longer than other types of flashing.
  6. It is also soundproof, which prevents heat from escaping from your house.

Roof Flashing Cons

Some Roof flashing Disadvantages are:

  1. Roof flashing is expensive and difficult to install. Its installation requires skilled, experienced craftsmen.
  2. When roof flashing is damaged, your roof area is more likely to leak. Roof flashing tends to corrode over time, which can lead to damage after severe weather events.
  3. To prevent roof flashing problems, your flashing needs to be monitored periodically.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Roof Flashing Types

  1. Continuous Flashing: Continuous Flashing is also known as apron flashing. It works just like an apron. It is a long piece of metal. Which helps carry water to the shingle.
  2. Base Flashing: Base flashing is used in some special parts of the roof. Where flashing is very difficult to install. Such as in the area around the chimney.
  3. Counter Flashing: Counter flashing is installed around chimneys, vents, and other roof penetrations. It gives the right direction to the water by creating a waterproof seal between the roofing material and the penetration. It is installed on top of the base flashing.
  4. Reglet Flashing: Reglet flashing is used between the wall (or the back of a parapet wall) and the ceiling. This flashing is used with counter flashing to avoid leaks from the most crucial areas of the roof.
  5. Step Flashing: Step flashing is multiple pieces of flashing installed with shingles. It is a rectangular part of a 90-degree flashing. It is used for roof-to-wall flashing to ensure that water flows away from the wall.

Roof Edge Flashing

Drip edge flashing is required around the edges of your roof (eaves) to prevent water from an overflowing gutter from forcing its way up the edge of the roof underneath the shingles.

Roof Drip Edge Types

  1. Hemmed Drip Edge.
  2. L-Drip Edge of L-Style Edge.
  3. F-Style Apron.

Gable Flashing

Gable flashing is used to hide the edge of the roofing panel at the gable end of the roof. It extends along the drip edge of the roof. If the panel is allowed to hang on the edge of the gable, Eve drip can be used instead. Butyl tape between trim and panel eliminates leaks.

Roof Flashing Materials

  1. Metal Flashing
  2. Rubber Roof Flashing
  3. Lead Roofing Sheet
  4. Oatey Roof Flashing
  5. Membrane Flashing
  6. Roof Flashing Roll
  7. Roll of Aluminum Flashing
  8. Galvanized Flashing Roll
  9. Home Depot Aluminum Flashing
  10. Tin Roof Flashing
  11. Flashing for Corrugated Metal Roof
  12. Plastic Roof Flashing

Window Flashing

Window flashing is the material installed around windows designed to prevent water from entering between gaps in adjoining building surfaces. Wind-driven rainwater can enter even small spaces left between the frame, or casing, of a window and the siding, or trim, of the home.

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