What Is Residential Building? | Types of Residential Buildings | Site Selection for Residential Buildings

Types of Residential Buildings

What Is Residential Building?

The residential building provides more than half of its floor area for various facilities for residential purposes. Provides basic amenities like cooking, meals, sleeping, bathing in a residential building.

This type of building can accommodate one or more families with cooking or dining facilities, for residential purposes. This residential building includes boarding houses, bedrooms, hostels, apartment houses, flats, and private garages.

Types of Residential Buildings

1. Single-Family Houses or Individual Houses for Residential Building

Individual House (1)

  • The bungalow is a small house. This type of building can be surrounded by a large veranda.
  • These types of residential houses are owned by single-family members for individual houses or private residences. In residential houses more than one family lives in a building, such residential houses are known as multiple-family private residences.
  • These types of residential houses are owned by single-family members for individual houses or private residences. If more than one family lives in a building, such residential houses are known as multiple-family private residences.

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2. Lodging or Rooming Houses for residential building

Lodging or Rooming Houses

  • There are multiple or buildings with lodging or rooming facilities. Which provides a separate living arrangement for foreign individuals under the management of a private temporarily or permanently.

3. Dormitories for Residential Building


  • The dormitories building primarily accommodates a large number of people, such as boarding school, college, high school, or university students. In some countries, such buildings have several beds for large numbers of people.
  • The word dormitory in the United Kingdom means a room with numerous beds for unrelated people. In the United Kingdom, these types of dormitory buildings are commonly used to accommodate boarding school students, travelers, or military personnel.

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4. Apartments for Residential Building


  • Apartments or flats are large buildings for residential. In which there are separate residences for different families. At least three families can live independently in separate apartments.
  • An apartment is a group of different housing units in one building. In this type of residential building, all the houses have separate properties.

5. Townhome for Residential Building


  • The design of a townhome is like a home built in a row. In which other houses are separated by one or two walls.
  • Townhouses can be two or three stories high. But some townhome buildings can be taller than three stories.
  • In which the owners of the townhome individually own both the interior and the exterior. The individual owners of the townhomes are therefore independently financially responsible for the maintenance of the exterior as well as the interior.

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6. Hotels for Residential Building


  • The hotel is managed by private and different trusts through single management. The hotel acts as a lodging house. This type of residential house mainly provides accommodation on a temporary basis. This type of residential home includes inns, hotels, etc.

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Site Selection for Residential Buildings

Site selection is a very important task for any residential building. Therefore, very carefully selected by an experienced engineer. Site selection for buildings with different occupations varies depending on the needs. The choice of site for any residence takes into account the following important factors.

  1. Necessary primary services of the citizen must be available near the site chosen for residential houses. These facilities include water supply, drainage sewers, electric lines, telephone lines, etc. So that services can be availed for the citizens living in residential houses at no extra cost.
  2. The site selection should be large enough to ensure light and air for residential buildings. Due to the neighboring buildings, the air can be found in the residential building built on the selected site.
  3. A fully developed area or an area with potential for development should be selected as a place for a residential building.
  4. The site selection for a residential building should not be a filled surface. If a residential building is constructed on this land, there is a possibility of differential settlement. So in the future, the building sometimes causes a collapse. Cracks are quite common in buildings constructed under such conditions.
  5. The groundwater table should not be too high at the site selection for residential buildings.
  6. There should not be any workshops, factories near the site selection for residential buildings. In such a place, heavy machinery in the factory produces constant noise.
  7. Site selection of residential buildings should be like this. So that there should be general transport facility like railway, bus service to get to and from office, college, market, etc.
  8. The site for site selection of a residential building should be close to schools, hospitals, markets, etc. These facilities generally have no significance in the location of choice of other public buildings.
  9. The orientation of the site also has a great influence on the site selection of the residential building. The orientation of the site should be like this. So that the early morning sun and late evening sun can easily enter the room in the summer building
  10. Site selection for residential buildings should be away from busy commercial roads.
  11. Landscape view of hill, river, lake, etc. near-site selection of residential building gives a good look.
  12. A good foundation clay can reduce the depth of the foundation of a residential building. Which saves on the cost of construction of a complete residential building.

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