What Is MDF?
Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) is a type of wood product. The production of this type of MDF board is made of compressed wood fibres properly mixed with wax and resin. F MDF has the same properties as particleboard and hardboard.
The MDF board has a wide range of uses in a variety of industries. MFD boards can generally be used in the economic and interior.
Medium density fiberboard (MDF) is light in weight, so it can be easily cut and shaped. In addition, waterproofing capability can be developed by painting on an MDF board. Such properties make the MDF board an excellent material.
Medium Density Fiberboard
Medium-density fiberboard is popularly known in the market as MDF board. The name MDF board comes from the difference in the process of fiberboard.
MDF lattice-like design is used as the most popular application in many applications of materials. The price of an MDF board depends on factors like its various grades, finishing-laminated and thickness etc.
MDF is produced by mixing a large amount of sawdust and wax produced by timber mills.
Large-scale production of MDF boards began in 1980. Today the use of MDF boards has become an alternative to the design provided for builders, woodworkers and architects.
MDF fiberboard is often thicker and harder than plywood. It is made up of various fibres of wood. So MDF can be used as a building material to replace plywood.
Medium-density fiberboard (MDF board) is usually the same density fiberboard as plywood. Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) in a building is very versatile and can be used effectively in cabinetry, furniture and moulding, which makes selection an option for entire projects.
Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) is sometimes finished with veneer or laminate, which provides the impression of the real wood grain.
MDF Board Uses
Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is a construction-engineered commodity made from wood fibres. Its various uses are made for different commodities in different industries.
Some of the uses of the MDF board are as follows.
1. Uses of MDF Board : Cabinetry
MDF board is generally known for the use of single density fiberboard. It can be used in the interior cabinet of the house.
Cabinets made of MDF fiberboard can be finished with laminate to create the impression of the wood grain.
A platform can be created to place the interior of the house using the help board. It can be used in kitchen cabinets and shelving units.
MDF board can be used in doors and tables etc. In addition, mouldings and sometimes wood grain impressions can be made on doors and tables. MDF can be used internally in a variety of applications.
2. Uses of MDF Board : Furniture
The various practical uses of medium-density fiberboard (MDF) are versatile materials for working in a variety of furniture.
Many furniture companies use special density medium density fiberboards. In addition, you can use MDF board economically for your home furniture. Furniture can be made from MDF, such as a bookshelf or a recreation centre.
Many different economical furniture can be made using low to medium density fiberboard. This is because this type of MDF board can be easily manufactured for boards of different densities. And it is cheaper than other boards, which reduces the cost of manufacturing the furniture.
Low-density fiberboard can be made into furniture as needed, which reduces the cost of furniture. This has made the use of MDF boards very popular.
3. Uses of MDF Board : Fire Resistance
Fire retardant MDF can be used for non-structural applications, which can be done properly for applications like wall linings, partitions, display panels etc., in indoor dry conditions.
Medium-density fiberboard is popular due to its fire fighting ability.
Fireproof MDF boards are generally suitable for use in the construction of certain buildings and structures.
The use of the MDF board meets the requirements of fire safety in the construction of commercial buildings. This type of MDF board is suitable for use in stores and offices.
Some homeowners use fireproof MDF boards in the construction of new homes as protection from potential fire.
4. Uses of MDF Board : Vapour Repulsion
Medium-density fire boards can be used as a vapour barrier and as insulation for residential and commercial buildings.
Vapour resistant furniture products affect durability and long life.
This type of MDF board is designed to dry large amounts of moisture without shrinkage. Or the MDF board dries without decomposition.
This type of MDF board acts as a vapour barrier and as insulation, which can avoid heat loss in adverse weather conditions.
5. Uses of MDF Board : Soundproofing
MDF fiberboard can be used as soundproofing. This type of MDF fiberboard can absorb and reduce noise for travel. MDF type fiberboard may not be effective in reducing soundness widely.
Sometimes MDF board is used by speaker manufacturers. This is because this type of MDF board prevents vibration from inside the speaker case.
MDF board can be used in media rooms, apartment buildings and office walls as well as floors. So that noise pollution can be reduced.
Many different contractors and builders use MDF boards in the construction of site offices for noise reduction.
6. Uses of MDF Board : Roofing
Due to the speciality of MDF fiberboard, it can be used both indoors and outdoors.
MDF fiberboard can be used for roofing materials as a low-slope roof.
Medium-density fiberboard is a suitable material as a roofing material, which can be used as shingles in any type of roof.
MDF fiberboard can be used as a covering for the walls of the house.
MDF fiberboard is durable and flexible, which can be used as decoration in the interior and exterior, which offers multiple applications for the home.
This list is just one example of some of the popular uses of medium-density fiberboard (MDF). Thus medium density fiberboard (MDF) can be used in many ways.
MDF board can be used as an inexpensive alternative to wood products like plywood.
MDF Board Properties
- Water Absorption
- Modulus of Rupture
- Internal Bond Strength
- Modulus of Elasticity.
Application of MDF Board
- Speaker boxes
- Doors and door frames
- Cabinets and Shelves
- Decorative projects
- Tradeshow booths and theater set construction.
Also Read : 23 Different Types of Doors | Functions of Doors
Advantages of MDF Board
The advantages of using an MDF board are as follows,
- Medium-density fiberboards are made from wood resin. Which is a recycling process. So that the cuts can be minimized
- This type of MDF board can be painted. Which can last a long time on the paint surface.
- The MDF Board is financially viable for the general public because it is more economical than the cost of wood.
- Medium density fiberboard does not have grains like wood. But laminating over it can produce wood-like grains.
- This type of help board can be easily cut and shaped. In which nail fix is done without any damage from the hammer.
- Properties like strong, dense, flat, and hard etc., can be used properly instead of wood of medium density fiberboard.
- MDF fiberboard can be given the look of natural wood veneers using laminators.
- The MDF board can be used easily. It can be easily given any shape.
Disadvantages of MDF Board
Some of the disadvantages of the MDF Board are shown below
- Medium-density fiberboard is weaker than wood. Furniture made from MDF cannot be used for a long time. However, medium density fiberboard is not more expensive than wood. So if it is to be used for a long time, it seems to be a loss of money.
- Medium density fiberboard cannot withstand extreme stress. As a result, it breaks down.
- Medium density fiberboard has the property of absorbing water faster than wood. As a result, the MDF board swells and slowly begins to break. So everyone should consider using MDF in humid places.
- The nail and screw in the medium density fiberboard should be carefully fixed. The use of a hammer should be avoided while fixing the nail in MDF. The MDF board is very weak. Pilot gaps should be used for screw fixing.
- Particular care should be taken when cutting medium density fiberboard as the production of MDF includes urea-formaldehyde. Which can cause inflammation in the lungs and eyes
- Dust produced when cutting the MDF board is harmful to respiration.
MDF Manufacturing Process
The production process of MDF is described in detail below
- Wood preparation.
- Resin recipes.
- Press technique.
- Panel sanding technique.
Step 1. Collection
The first steps for MDF involve the collection and grinding of wood residue as raw material. Wood resin is waste produced in mills.
The debarking process is the initial step for the production of the MDF Board. The bark of the eucalyptus softwood is peeled off to give it the right quality.
Step 2. Wood Preparation
Iron impurities in wood are removed using magnet metal. These raw materials are separated into large lobes and small peaches. In the refiner, the material of this raw material is torn into fibres. This process is done by large motors units.
Step 3. Curing and pressing
Resins are applied in the process to reduce the resistance to formaldehyde. And then, the catalyst is added. The amount of resin for MDF is controlled by the required volume. Presented in a mat or pad with a uniform thickness using a scaling roll
The compression of these materials is done in two stages. The final process is to cut it to the required size. Using a large drum, it is placed on a mat or pad to compact. This prepared board is cut before cooling.
Step 4. Panel Sanding
The finished panels are sent to MDF Board for a smooth finish. It has a finishing coating with friction through the use of belts. Various ceramic frictions are used for this. Zirconium alumina, aluminium oxide, silicon carbide etc., are used to obtain fine surfaces for these various ceramic frictions.
Step 5. Finishing
The first phase of finishing begins with cutting. The final stage of MDF varies depending on customer demand. In which the design is given according to the variety of colours of MDF and the variety of wood grain. For cutting different sizes of MDF, different cutting machines are used.
Special machines are used to cut narrow strips like 1-24 inches / 2.5-61 etc.
(42-49 inches / 107-125 cm) are used for small size cutting machines.
guillotine cutting machine is used to cut to size as large as 100 inches
The second stage of finishing is done as laminating. Fiberboard is sent between two rolls in the machine. The adhesive is applied between two rolls in the machine. Thus MDF is coated with fiberboard adhesive.
Differences Between Mdf Board Vs Particle Board
Here we will know the differences between some MDF boards vs particle boards.
1. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Density
MDF board: MDF has a higher density than particle-board.
Particle Board: This type of partial board has a lower density level than MDF
2. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Durability
MDF boards: Medium density fiberboards are more durable than particle boards.
Particle boards: Particle boards are less durable than MDF boards.
3. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Look
MDF board: MDF board has a smooth finish as it is made of the same size wood grain.
Particle boards: The surface of particle-boards is not smooth compared to the MDF board. Because it is produced by cutting wood and chips.
4. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Strength
MDF board: Medium density fiberboard has higher strength than particle-board.
Particle board: particle-board has less strength than medium density fiberboard.
5. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Weight
MDF board: MDF board is heavier when compared to medium density fiberboard with particle-board.
Particle board: Particle-board is lightweight compared to medium density fiberboard.
6. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Lifespan
MDF board: Medium density fiberboard cannot be used for a long time. It can survive for about 10 years in the right conditions.
Particle boards: Particle boards have a longer life than MDF boards, which can last for more than 25 years.
7. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Moisture
MDF board: Medium density fiberboard absorbs water, which reduces his life.
Particle board: Particle board has moderate resistance to water.
8. MDF Board Vs Particle Board: Price
MDF board: The cost of medium density fiberboard is higher than particle-board.
Particle-board: Particle-board is cheaper than MDF board.