Introduction of Gable Roof
Roofing is an important element of any building structure. The roof of any building protects the entire structure of the building in different weather conditions. Protects the building against weather conditions like rain, snow, hail, etc.
Different types of roofs have been developed according to weather conditions. The construction of different types of roofs in houses is found all over the world.
The gable roof has its own significance in the different types of roofs used in houses. The gable roof is triangular in shape, which corresponds to the English alphabet A.
The gable roof is constructed with the slope in two opposite directions.
What Is Gable Roof?
In this type of roof, the roof is constructed of two sloping sections in opposite directions. Gable roofs are commonly found in some parts of the world in areas with cold or temperate climates.
The gable roof can be modified according to the design of the building. Two gable roofs can be designed and used to get more depth in the building roof.
General details are required in the construction of a gable roof. It does not require extra details. So gable roof is easy to construct.
Due to this gable roof is more prevalent in the world due to its ease of construction.
Historical Development of Gable Roof
The history of gable roofs is found in Greek culture. In ancient times a gable roof was used to create a roof for a Greek temple. The gable roof was gradually used in countries like Europe and America.
Even today, in some European and American countries, gable roofs are used to construct buildings.
Between the 14th and 17th centuries, buildings using gable roofs became popular. And during this period, Italian architecture was influenced by the construction of gable roofs.
Design of Gable Roof
The gable roof structure consists of two opposite side sections from the roof ridge point. The two side slope sections of the gable roof connect at the top. Which is called the ridge point.
The pitch and gutter in the gable roof are designed according to the design of the building. The gable roof consists of a ridge board parallel to the roof top and exterior walls.
The ridge board is between the tops of two common rafters. This ridge board is fixed with rafters by nail. The rafter is fixed in such a way that the slope remains in the downward direction. The rafter is fixed to the nail along the outer walls.
Types of Gable Roofs
- Front Gables Roof
- Box Gable Roof
- Cross Gable Roof
- Gable Roof with Shed Roof Addition
- Dutch Gable Roof
1. Front Gables Roof
The front gable roof is usually constructed at the entrance of the house. This design can be found mostly in colonial-style homes.
This type of gable roof is also known as false-front gables. This type of gable roof is not a real roof but is used for an attractive front.
2. Box Gable Roof
This type of gable roof has a similar design to the classic design. This type of gable roof is characterized by triangular extensions at each end of the house. And the roof section ends at the end of the box.
A box-type gable roof is placed on top of the hip roof to create more space in the attic.
3. Cross Gable Roof
Cross gable roof structure consists of two or more gable roofs. In which the roofs intersect at an angle to each other. Usually, two gable roofs extend at right angles to each other.
Depending on the design of this type of gable roof, the layout of the building is often complicated.
For example, cross gable roofs can be used in extended homes as separate wings, a large porch, or an attached garage.
4. Gable Roof with Shed Roof Addition
This type of roof is designed to add a shed roof as a gable roof for expansion in older roof systems.
This is a popular simple solution for buildings that want to extend as a hybrid design. This type of roof provides the opportunity for more headroom and space without completely changing the design and aesthetics.
5. Dutch Gable Roof
The dutch gable roof is attached to the hip roof. A Dutch gable roof is formed on top of a hip roof with a slope on all four sides. Also commonly called a gablet.
The dutch gable roof is a combination of the roof of the main building and the pyramid roof in the tower, adding to the variety of hip roofs.
This dutch gable can be used as a shed dorm on the roof. In which the building is decorated by a single slope roof.
This roof is a popular design for some homeowners due to the specialty of this dutch gable roof. In which a dutch gable roof is designed to enhance the aesthetics of the building. In addition, dutch gable roofs are used to provide practical work as well.
Cost of Gable Roofing Construction
Generally, the market cost of gable roof construction is about $8 to $16 per square foot. Its exact rate depends on the market price of different materials.
For a 1,000-square-foot roof, costs can range from an average of $ 8000 to $16,000. Extra gables and dormers are treated as extra iteam rate.
Life of Gable Roof
The life of a gable roof depends on various factors. Such as the quality of the material used and the periodic maintenance of the roof. Properly installed gable roofs can last up to 40 years.
Advantage of Gable Roof
1. Water Drainage
The gable roof can be used as a drainage system as it is of slope type. Due to the design of a gable roof, water and snow can slide easily from the roof. This feature of a gable roof reduces the risk of leakage from the roof and ensures the safety of the roof. Such a feature can last a long time.
There is an option to use any material from a variety of materials to build any roof. Depending on the requirements in gable roofs, metal sheets, clay tiles, and concrete tiles can be used to build the roof.
3. Easy to Build
The design of a gable roof is simple and its specification is also simple. Gable roof construction is very easy and fast compared to other roofing options.
The gable roof is easy to construct and can be used as an economical roofing alternative. The cost of designing this type of roof is lower than other complex roofing options.
5. Additional Space
The triangular design of the gable roof provides more space for the homeowner. Homeowners can benefit from ventilation because of the gable roof.
Disadvantage of Gable Roof
1. Wind Damage
It is not advisable to use a gable roof in hurricane areas. The design of the gable roof is unable to withstand high winds compared to other types of roofs. Because its design is kind of a stepper pitch. This allows the top of the roof to easily trap the wind.
2. Proper Installation
While the design of the gable roof is quite simple, it should be done using a suitable material. In this type of roof, its framing should be installed in such a way that it transfers sufficient load. If this roof is not installed properly, there is a risk of roof collapse.