Salt Finish Concrete Pros and Cons

Salt Finish Concrete

Salt Finish Concrete

Salt finish concrete is a technique for finishing and designing concrete surfaces.

The surface of salted finished concrete is finished using a floating machine on a freshly laid concrete surface. The rock salt crystals are then spread over the concrete. Then it is finished again with the help of float. In this way, the crystals of salt are embedded on the surface of the concrete.

After the concrete dries, it is washed with a stream of water. This process can be done for a plain or colored concrete finish. It also provides skid resistance in terms of concrete finish. This method
Can provide higher skid resistance than the broom concrete finish.

Washing salt crystals on concrete surfaces form many shallow indents on the surface. The technique is simple, inexpensive, and traditional.

This type of concrete finish costs less than other concrete finishes because it does not use other tools and materials. The most commonly used salt in the concrete finish is rock salt.

Rock salt has the chemical name halite. Which is obtained naturally. Seawater evaporates due to sunlight. This evaporation results in the formation of crystals of sodium chloride.

Salt concrete finish is used in backyards, gardens, pathways, parking lots, areas around swimming pools, etc.

Rock Salt Concrete Finish

Rock salt concrete finish is the oldest and most traditional type of concrete finish. The homeowner has a lot to choose from in terms of options for getting a straight concrete finish.

Rock salt finishes are not ideal for installing in areas where snow falls and freezes. This is because ice water in the area enters the rock salt finish holes, which can cause cracks. So you should seal the finish to complete the rock salt finish concrete. So that they can last longer in any situation

Also Read: What Is Interior Wall Finishes? | Type of wall finish

Process of Salt Finish Concrete

Process of Salt Finish Concrete

The points to consider before salt finish concrete are the same as for ordinary concrete. Things like site preparation, reinforcement mesh, formwork, concrete mixing, etc. are included before concreting.

After concreting the freshly mixed concrete into the formwork the actual salt finishing work begins. The surface of the concrete is made uniform and smooth using floats. Salt concrete finish gives the best results on even and smooth surfaces.

Subsequent steps are briefly described below,

Also Read: What Is a Concrete Wall Finish? | Types of Concrete Finishes

1. Spreading of Salt Crystals

To ensure the best look for a salt finish, some of the rules of the thumb need to be carefully considered and followed. The most common defects in concrete should be corrected and salt should be pressed very deep into the concrete.

Salt crystals in sizes 1/8 to 3/8 inch should be used to produce the best effects in the concrete finish. And they are pressed to the finished surface of the concrete to a depth of half their diameter.

Rock salt is carefully scattered on the concrete surface. Salt rock has an application rate of 3 to 12 pounds per 100 square feet on a concrete surface.

After this process, the surface of the concrete is dried for at least 24 hours. And loose salt particles are cleaned from the surface of the concrete with the help of a broom.

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2. Cleaning or Removing of Salt Grains

The surface of the concrete is washed with water after 24 hours.

The water in the concrete is not enough to dissolve the salts. The remaining salt crystals are scrubbed with a brush and the surface is washed with water. Pressure washers are used to easily remove salts.

The salt is washed off with water and leaves a design like a series of irregular dimples on the surface. In this way, the concrete surface can be made from salt-finished concrete.

3. Applying of Sealant

Dirt and debris are removed from the surface by broom before using the sealant. Spread the sealant evenly on the concrete with the help of a roller. A uniform coat on the surface of all concrete is allowed to dry for at least 2 hours. A second coat is then applied.

Also Read: What Is Monolithic Slab? | Application of Monolithic Slab | How to Prepare Monolithic Slab Foundation? | Advantages & Disadvantagesof Monolithic Slab

Specification of Salt Finish Concrete

Specification of Salt Finish Concrete

  1. The surface of the concrete should be smooth and even before salting. A smoother finish can be achieved with the use of floats and rollers.
  2. Salt crystals are spread on the finished surface of concrete at a rate of 3-10 pounds per 100 square feet.
  3. The crystals of salt are spread evenly over the surface of the concrete for a good quality finish.
  4. Rock salt crystals of size 1/8 to 3/8 of an inch are used for salt finish concrete to get desired results.
  5. Do not use salt crystals larger than 3/8 of an inch in salt finish concrete. Because large indents motivate risks.
  6. Salt crystals should be pressed on the surface of the concrete and salt crystals should be inserted into the concrete surface up to half the depth in their size.
  7. The surface of the concrete should be smooth and even before salting.
  8. The work of spreading salt crystals on the surface of the concrete is usually started when the concrete is starting to set. Normally press your finger on the surface of the concrete to test the surface of the concrete.
  9. When salt is removed, its damage is removed to prevent surface discoloration.
  10. Dirt and debris are removed from the surface by broom before using the sealant.

Also Read: Light weight Concrete | Properties of Lightweight Concrete | Type of Lightweight Concrete | Uses of Lightweight Concrete

Salt Finish Concrete Pros and Cons

Pros:

  1. This type of method is cheaper and easier than other concrete finish surfaces.
  2. It requires less material and manpower to complete.
  3. Its surface has high skid resistance.
  4. Concrete surfaces can be designed using a variety of colors.
  5. Salt concrete finish is used in backyards, gardens, passages, parking lots etc.
  6. This type of concrete finish makes it safer for people to walk on wet feet to walk around the swimming pool.
  7. It provides excellent traction for utility vehicles, food carts and poolside tray wheeled items around the pool.

Cons:

  1. This type of finish has the potential to retain water and moisture on the surface during cold temperatures.
  2. The surface of the concrete will not last long if the proper quality sealant is not provided for this type of concrete finish.

Also Read: What Is Oblique Drawing? | Oblique Projection | Procedure for Oblique Drawing – Example | Types of Oblique Drawing


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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Salt Finish Concrete

The surface of salted finish concrete is finished using a floating machine on a freshly laid concrete surface. The rock salt crystals are then spread over the concrete. Then it is finished again with the help of float. In this way, the crystals of salt are embedded on the surface of the concrete.

Salt Finish Concrete Pros and Cons

Pros:

  • This type of method is cheaper and easier than other concrete finish surfaces.
  • It requires less material and manpower to complete.
  • Its surface has high skid resistance.
  • Concrete surfaces can be designed using a variety of colors.

Cons:

  • This type of finish has the potential to retain water and moisture on the surface during cold temperatures.
  • The surface of the concrete will not last long if the proper quality sealant is not provided for this type of concrete finish.

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