What Is a Concrete Wall Finish? | Types of Concrete Finishes

What Is a Concrete Wall Finish?

The concrete wall finish is a modern home design type feature. This type of concrete was very popular in Brutalist architecture from 1950 to 1960.

Now the popularity of concrete wall finish is back in the 21st century with a great difference.

The name “wall finish” suggests that the wall is provided to make the interior or exterior look attractive. The finish of the material used for the interior is of very delicate material. Due to this, it needs to be maintained.

Commercial, residential, and industrial projects are widely used in the design industry due to their attractive appearance and ease of concrete texture in increasing technology.

A concrete wall finish gives a durable finish, which has attracted the attention of architects, interior designers, and homeowners.

The construction industry uses a lot of concrete. Concrete is made from a mixture of appropriate amounts of cement, coarse aggregate, fine, aggregate and water.

The process of finishing after casting of concrete is the most important task as it makes the concrete surface attractive.This article will give you that information on different types of concrete finishes and types of finishes used for walls, etc.

Also Read: What Is PCC Concrete? | PCC Concrete Mix Ratio | Material Used in Plain Cement Concrete | Uses of PCC Concrete | Methods for Mixing of PCC Concrete | Dos and Don’ts of PCC Works | Advantages &Disadvantages of  PCC Concrete | Laying of Plain Cement Concrete

Types of Concrete Finish

The types of concrete are as follows according to their design and material

  • Broom Concrete Finish
  • Trowel Concrete Finish
  • Stamped Concrete Finish
  • Salt Concrete Finish
  • Exposed Aggregate Concrete Finish
  • Swirl Concrete Finish

1. Broom Concrete Finish

Broom Finish

Concrete broom finishing is done by finishing the rough texture by pulling the broom over the concrete surface. This process is done when the concrete has reached a semi-dry state.

On fresh concrete surfaces, small stripes are made by pulling a broom according to the design so that the friction remains in control.

Broom finishing concrete surfaces are used in places such as highways and bridge surfaces, sports ground roads, etc. Due to the broon finish, it provides friction which is very important in terms of safety. The design can be created by running the broom in different directions. With a standard broom, you should pull the broom towards you according to the aptitude.

The concrete should be completely pressed before brooming.

Compaction of concrete should be done with a machine like a floater.

Also Read: What Is Lean to Roof? | Composition of Lean to Roof | Important Notes for Construction of Lean to Roof | Advantage & Disadvantage of Lean to Roof | Roofing Materials Suitable for Lean to Roof

2. Trowel Concrete Finish

Trowel Concrete Finish

For most of these applications in most buildings, the concrete is finished with the most common and popular trowel. After concreting the concrete into formwork and then leveling the concrete, the trowel is used to give a smooth and beautiful shape to the concrete surface.

The trowel is used both manually and mechanically. Now the manual trowel is fitted with a flat steel blade with an attached handle. Pressing the handle pushes it against the concrete surface.

Mechanized trowels are used for large industrial projects. Its design is like a big fan. It has a motor attached to drive the fan. The blade is turned over the concrete, and the concrete is pressed, and finishing is achieved.

Also Read: Type of Window | Criteria for Selecting the Suitable Window from Different Types of Windows

3. Stamped Concrete Finish

Stamped Concrete Finish

Stamped concrete is a suitable option when it comes to options like aesthetic color and design.Stamped concrete finish is obtained according to the design by pressing the required design on freshly layered concrete. When this type of concrete finish is complete, it looks like real, brick, tile-like stones and will look like wood if formed like wood with proper skill.Stamped concrete is the best choice for places like walkways, driveways and outdoor paving, etc.Coloring designs can also be made on the surface of stamped concrete using different color powders. Stamped concrete finishes are much cheaper than designing other types of finishes.Stamped concrete is carefully and quickly processed to achieve uniform results throughout the slab before the concrete sets.

Patterns are pre-planned, and figured designs are prepared. Once the concrete is poured and set to the proper consistency, it is processed according to color and design.

Also Read: What Is Vacuum Concrete? | The Necessity of Vacuum Concrete | Properties of Vacuum Concrete | Application of Vacuum Concrete | Advantages & Disadvantages of Vacuum Concrete | Process of Vacuum Concrete

4. Salt Concrete Finish

Salt Concrete Finish

The salt finish is traditionally obtained by mixing the same coarse stone with salt. Concrete finishers spread salt particles over wet concrete. And then pressed to the surface with the help of a float or roller. Once the concrete is set (usually after 24 hours), the salt is washed out of it. Thus scattered patterns are formed by this method.

While this method is relatively quick and easy, new methods have sprung up there. Which completely removes the salt.

This method is effective for withstanding any weather if good-quality concrete is used in this method by waterproofing sealer.

It is used for swimming pools or other wet areas.

Also Read:Light weight Concrete | Properties of Lightweight Concrete | Type of Lightweight Concrete | Uses of Lightweight Concrete

5. Exposed Aggregate Concrete Finish

Exposed Aggregate Concrete Finish

The surface of the concrete is leveled in the construction of an open concrete finish. The concrete should be compacted with a vibrator. So that at least air voids can be kept between the particles of aggregate.

A power floater is used to polish the top surface of partially treated concrete. An excellent grade protection layer is applied to the surface of the concrete to give a polished finish.

6. Swirl Concrete Finish

Swirl Concrete Finish

The swirl finish is produced by the concrete surface in a uniformly overlapping circular pattern. It gives an aesthetic look to the concrete surface and creates a petal-like structure on the road.

This type of finish is preferred over outdoor applications. This type of method gives a safer smooth finish in the wet season compared to a simple surface finish.

The final round of the floating operation is started by moving the trowel in circles over the concrete surface. In general, floating in the final process of concrete finishing. Which is designed according to the wishes of the customer.

Also Read:What Is Concrete Topping? | Purpose of Topping Slab | Type of Concrete Topping Slab | Advantages &Disadvantages of Topping Slab | Construction Process of Laying Concrete Topping

Types of Concrete Finishes for Driveways

The different types of concrete finishes for the driveway are as follows,
  1. Coloured Concrete Driveway
  2. Slate Impression Concrete Driveway
  3. Exposed Aggregate Concrete Driveway
  4. Polished Concrete Driveway
  5. Stencil Concrete Driveway
  6. Cut Concrete Driveway
  7. Stamped Concrete Driveway
  8. Textured Concrete Driveway
  9. Imprint Concrete Driveway
  10. Paving Border Concrete Driveway
  11. Plain Concrete Driveway
  12. Broom Finishing Concrete Driveway
  13. Driveway with Concrete Blocks and Grass
  14. Rock Salt Finish Concrete Driveway

Also Read: What Is Salt Finish Concrete? | Specification of Salt Finish Concrete | Process of Salt Finish Concrete

How to Finish Concrete

Concrete finishing provides a smooth and durable surface. Concrete has to go through various stages to be finished.

Step 1. Pour the Concrete in the Required Size

Properly mix the concrete components in the mixer machine according to the required grade. The concrete is then poured in the right place in the required size. The concrete is then properly compacted by a vibrator machine.

Step 2. Level Surface by Float

The float should be used to level the concrete surface. Concrete finishing requires skilled workmanship.

Step 3. Broom Finish on Road

The use of broom is commonly used to broom the top surface of the concrete, which will produce friction with the surface.

Step 4. Process of Curing

Curing after the finishing process plays one of the most important parts. Curing the concrete is required for at least 7 days.

Also Read: What Is Concrete Frame? | What Is Precast Concrete Frames? | The Components of Concrete Framed Structures | Advantage & Disadvantage of Concrete Framed Structure

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