How Does Drain Tile Work? | How to Install Drain Tile? | Drain Tile Pipe

How to Install Drain Tile Around Foundation

You may come across a question about what exactly the Drain tiles mean. There is a common misconception about the drain tiles among the people that they refer to the tiles and floors but let me clear you that the drain tiles are nothing to do with the Tiles and floors of your Building estimation.

In this article, you will get to learn What is drain Tile and how it work its uses and properties, and how you can replace the drain tile.

What Is Drain Tile?

The Drain tile is a perforated pipe that is surrounded by pieces of stones. The primary purpose of the residential drain tile is to collect and remove the water before it gets entered into the basement of the residential building and harm the Pier foundation.

The Drain tile(Weeping Tile)  may be installed around the outside area of the foundation of the building or maybe inside the foundation or beneath the floor slab. The Drain Tile is the commonly used term in some regions of the country for agricultural drainage systems.

The Drain tile system is installed in the home to ensure that the moisture or the groundwater present does not infiltrate the basement of the building.

How Does Drain Tile work?

How Does Drain Tile work

The drain Tile can be installed of various shapes such as circular, square, and rectangular, but the shape of the pipe does not play an important role in Drain tile.

The element which is vital in the drain tile is the design and the execution of the system. The working of the drain tiles does not depend upon the shape of the drain tile.

The Drain tiles relieve the pressure and pick up the groundwater present around the foundation of the structure and transport the water outside the area of the foundation.

How to Drain Water from Under House?

It is very essential to keep the foundation of your structure dry and drain off the groundwater from under the house as early as possible. The moisture present around the basement or the Crawl Space Foundation of the structure may affect the structural stability of the building and Foundation maintenance issues.

So, the groundwater near the foundation must be effectively drained off. The proper drainage near the basement of the building can be achieved with the installation of the appropriate drainage system for the removal of water from the foundation.

The Installation of the Drain tile has a perforated pipe that is surrounded by gravel. The Drain tile will help to effectively collect and drain off the groundwater from the basement of the foundation.

How to Install Drain Tile Around Foundation?

How to Install Drain Tile Around Foundation (1)

It is important to install the drain tiles around foundation of the structure for the effective drain off of the groundwater which is present around the foundation of the structure. The Poor drainage system near the structure can create an inconvenient and negative impact on the health of the vegetation.

The groundwater may develop cracks in the Foundation spalling of the structure. The Installation of the Drain tile around the foundation will protect your basement. The Drain tiles are made from different materials such as clay, polyvinyl chloride, and corrugated plastic piping, etc. Installation of the Drain Tiles may be a difficult and highly complex task and requires proper knowledge.

That’s why Here, we have explained a step-by-step procedure that will help you to the installation of the Drain Tile around the Foundation.

1. First, dig a trench near the structure, at least having a width of 12 inches in width and extending up to the bottom of the porch foundation

2. Pound a stake into the ground at each end of the trench and then stretch a string having a line-level attached between the two stakes.

3. Then, measure the distance between the two stakes and calculate the extent of the trench.

4. Shape the bottom side of the trench so that the string rests on the top of the soil over the entire area of the trench.

5. Line the trench with the filter fabric or the cloth to get covered at the bottom, and it should be extended at least 18 inches on each side of the trench.

6. Lay down the perforated drain pipe at the bottom of the trench and ensure that the trench should be oriented horizontally with its perforations.

7. Place a level on the top of the drain pipe in the different sections to ensure proper slope. Add or remove the soil and gravel under the pipe if it is required.

8.  Cover the pipe with at least 12 inches of clean gravel and fold the excess landscape fabric on the top of the layer of the gravel.

9. Fill the remaining trench with gravel or soil and level the surface properly.

Also Read: What Is the Well Point System? | Types of Well Point System | Advantages & Disadvantages of Well Point System

Drain Tile(Weeping Tile) Properties:

The various properties of Drain Tile properties are as follows:

  1. The Drain tiles, when immersed in the bed of stone then it facilitates the drainage to the piping.
  2. The Drain tile is basically perforated, due to which it allows the entry of water.
  3. The Corrugated drain tiles come in the coils of the flexible piping in lengths that vary from 100ft to 3000ft.
  4. The piping is constructed from a plastic material such as Polyvinyl chloride or ABS or clay.
  5. The drain tile diameter of the pipe has a standard size of about 4” for the adequate drainage of the floating slab foundation.
  6. The pipe is generally cylindrical in shape, and there are also some square and rectangular-shaped drainage systems. The shape of the pipe does not make a difference in the flow of the water.
  7. The Tile piping typically ranges in size between 2” to 18” in diameter. 

 Drain Tile(Weeping Tile) Uses:

There are various uses of Drain tiles that are as follows:

  1. The Drain Tiles are mainly used in the transportation of the water from one place to another place as an integral part of the Irrigation system.
  2. Drain Tiles are also used to prevent the fields from oversaturation which can limit the growth of the crop.
  3. It helps to drain off the water from around the area and beneath the basement flooring.
  4. It helps to keep the water from pooling in low-lying areas.
  5. The Drain Tiles are installed to solve a various multitude of basement water problems that occur.

Drain Tile Pipe

There are two main types of pipes for drain tile installation. Includes PVC and flexible corrugated pipe.

1. Flexible Corrugated Pipe

This pipe has slits cut on its sides. These slits allow water to enter the pipe from all directions and keep out sand, clay and gravel particles.

Flexible corrugated pipe is available at about $ 0.89 per foot. This pipe is cheaper than PVC. It does not require fitting in the corner of the drain tile as it is flexible and can bend manually.
This type of pipe is very durable and can withstand a variety of temperature conditions.

It is usually advisable to use 4-inch pipe for residential drainage. However, sizes up to 6 inches are suitable for industrial use.

2. Pvc Drain Tile Pipes

PVC pipes are commonly used for drain pipes. It has small holes in the pipe to get water into the PVC pipe. In the installation of drain tile, the perforated side of the PVC pipe is downwards. These holes allow water to collect from the ground.

These pvc pipes are rigid pipes. It requires separate angle fittings to change direction. This type of PVC drain pipe comes in a length of 20 feet.

Interior Drain Tile System

An interior drain tile system is a way to permanently end the water damage in the basement of the house. Which will divert any excess water due to heavy rain to the sump pump.

Interior perimeter drain systems are mostly installed to waterproof leaking concrete block foundations. Compared to exterior waterproofing, an interior weeping tile system is less expensive (since no excavation is involved) and is a proven, highly effective basement waterproofing method.

Exterior Drain Tile System

Exterior drain tile systems are usually installed at the lowest point in the outer perimeter of your home. Exterior drain tile systems carry surface water and groundwater away from the base through perforated pipes.

Exterior drainage systems have a perforated pipe in a gravel bed installed outside the underground foundation, so there is sometimes a risk of eventually being filled with dirt, roots, and debris.

Drain Tile Cost

Drain Tile Cost

Drain tile installation cost can range from about $ 4,000 to $ 12,000 depending on the size of the basement perimeter and the number of sump pumps.

Drain tile installation cost in yard is  $1,000 to $4,000, while a deep weeping tile or footing drain tile to block and redirect groundwater can cost $6,000 to $15,000.

Interior Drain Tile System Cost from $ 40 to $ 85 per linear foot. An interior drain tile system can cost an average of $ 2,000 to $ 10,000 to protect against water damage in the basement or in the interior perimeter of the crawl space.

Replacing Drain Tile:

The process for replacing the drain tiles are as follows:

  1. Without having drain tiles there are the chances that the water would seep into the structure of the basement of the structure.
  2. First upon unearthing the drain tile in the area where the damage becomes very apparent.
  3. To unearth it may require heavy tools depending upon how deep your drain tile is.
  4. Clear away the layer of the gravel which covers the drain tile. This gravel can be again used once you will complete the drain tile replacement work.
  5. Identify the section of the drain tile which is damaged and remove it for repair.
  6. Cut down the section which is totally damaged and replace it with a new one. It is generally recommended to use the plastic drain tile as it is more durable and less costly.
  7. Before replacing the drain tile, it is very essential that you should check that the size of the new drain tile should be the same and it should be fitted properly.
  8. Recover the drain tile with the gravel and also replace the water filtration system at the bottom side of the drain tile.

Also Read :What Is Skillion Roof? | Types of Skillion Roof | Uses of Skillion Roof | Advantages & Disadvantages of Skillion Roof | Cost of Skillion Roof

List of Drain Tile Companies:

1. Belle Plaine Block & Tile Co.

The company’s products include concrete tanks, septic tanks, gallon capacity, pumps, and holding tanks. Also included are corrugated metal pipes, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) drain tiles, and fittings.

2. Turtle Plastics

The company is a manufacturer and distributor of drain tiles from recycled PVC plastic. Also manufactures products with various features. These include features such as interlocking design, animal waste, shampoo, oil, and other chemical resistance, etc. Indoor and outdoor run, bathing area, floor tub, and other applications are offered with a five-year warranty.

3. Sandkuhl

The company produces clay and ceramic products for agricultural, commercial, and industrial applications, regardless of construction. In addition, various products include chimney liners, chimney, fireplace, baking and tower fill, drain tile, and partition tiles.

4. Kieft Brothers Incorporated

The company mostly consists of precast concrete products. These products include storm and sanitation sewers and water distribution programs. It also produces products such as manholes, grease basins, water vaults, septic tanks, and sump pits and pipes.

5. Quarry Setta Co.

Acoustical, Drain & Floor Tiles

6. A & B Precast Mfg. Ltd.

The company manufactures a variety of precast concrete products in the commercial and residential sectors. These products include septic/pump and holding slabs, curbs, well and drain tiles, railings, steps, tanks, grease traps, bases, blocks, and manholes.


The company manufactures drain tiles using polypropylene material. It produces drain tile in various colors in 12X12 X 1/2. Also manufactures products for garage floor, basement, showroom, deck, and sport court.

8. ADS Pipe

(ADS) The company focuses on drainage products and services. The company provides services for solutions to persistent and challenging drainage problems. Provides services to help developers and property owners store rainwater by safely pre-treating stormwater runoff.

ADS Company is a leading manufacturer of high-performance thermoplastic corrugated pipe and other products. The use of which provides suitability of water management products and best drainage solutions in the construction and infrastructure marketplace.

9. Sewickley Construction Products, Inc.

The company offers quality metal and plastic pipe products in its products. It partners with industry-leading manufacturers to produce the best materials for project needs.

The company’s products include Polymer-Coated Corrugated Steel Pipe, Aluminum Box Culverts, Corrugated metal pipe & Pipe Arch.
, Heavy Duty Corrugated Plastic Pipe, Perforated Heavy Duty Plastic Pipe, Corrugated Aluminum Pipe, etc.

10. Hector Tile Company

The company has been producing quality concrete drain tiles since 1964. The company also designs and installs drainage systems.


Drain Tile

The Drain tile is a perforated pipe that is surrounded by pieces of stones. The primary purpose of the residential drain tile is to collect and remove the water before it gets entered the basement of the residential building and harms the foundation.

How Does Weeping Tile Work?

A weeping tile is a porous drainage pipe surrounding the exterior of a home’s foundation. It’s buried in a trench filled with gravel and soil. The trench is dug on a slope. That way when the pipe collects groundwater, it’s redirected away from the house into the yard, storm sewer or underground sump pit.

What Is Drain Tile Used for?

A drain tile system is a type of drainage system that ensures that your basement or crawl space cannot be flooded by groundwater. This system ensures that in periods of heavy rain or snow, your basement and/or crawl space cannot be flooded, which also means you avoid expensive damage to these areas of your home.

Do I Need to Installing Drain Tile Around Foundation?

Building regulations nationwide now mandate the installation of drain tile whenever a home has a crawl space or basement. The only exception to this rule is if the home is built on naturally well-draining soil such as sand gravel. Soil that drains well lessens the risk of future water damage but doesn’t prevent it.

How Does Drain Tile Work?

Drain tile is essentially a network of porous pipes that run alongside your foundation. The pipes run through a network that leads to a sump pump to drive the water away, or they go through a downward-sloping drain system that leads away from your home to the surface where the water can safely drain away.

How Much Does Drain Tile Cost?

A typical full-perimeter drain tile installation can run between $8,000 and $15,000, depending on the choice of sump pumps and other accessories or additions. A four-wall installation is not always necessary and the cost will be reduced proportionately for smaller jobs.

How Deep Do You Bury Drain Tile?

If the drain tiles are implemented primarily to protect the foundation from subsurface water, dig the trench up to 6 feet deep. If the primary concern is surface water, a trench only 2 feet deep will suffice. Make sure that the trench extends to a suitable outlet like a ditch, drain field or dry well.

Where Do Drain Tiles Drain To?

Drain Tile Piping Is Laid Beneath, Which Leads to a Sump Pit. When Groundwater Begins Collecting Beneath the Slab, the Drain Tile Directs It to the Sump Pit Where the Sump Pump Is Then Able to Pump the Water Away from the House.

Can Drain Tile Get Clogged?

A clogged drain tile system may cause water to enter your basement. Drain tiles carry excess water away from your home and landscape. When the drain tile system is plugged, you may see water entering the basement or crawl space, lush green grass amid a dried-up lawn, or a sunken wet spot in the landscape.

How to Install Interior Drain Tile?

Installation of an interior drain tile system usually starts by taking out a strip of flooring around the perimeter of the basement and then digging out the solid to create a trench. Then, a layer of gravel is poured into the trench, and tile piping wrapped in fabric is laid on top and directed toward your sump pit.

Drain Tiles Around House?

The purpose of drain tile around your house is to collect water around your basement foundation and channel it to one of two places. If you live in an area without a slope, the water flows to a sump pit in your basement where it is then pumped out away from the foundation.

How Much Does It Cost to Install Weeping Tile?

The cost of installing weeping tile varies depending on the type of material used and the size of the foundation. Generally, the cost ranges from $1000 to $10,000, according to HomeAdvisor.

What Type of Pipe Is Used for Drain Tile?

Polyvinyl Chloride pipes are the most commonly used pipes for any drainage project. Due to the material’s malleable properties, PVC pipes can come in almost any size. These types of pipes are great for drainage situations where the water and environment exert a great deal of pressure and weight.

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